World Hepatitis Day: A Pledge To Eliminate Hepatitis By 2030

World Hepatitis Day: A Pledge To Eliminate Hepatitis By 2030

Jul 27 , 2022


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About 325 million people are affected by hepatitis worldwide. Pakistan has the second largest hepatitis load in the world, and it takes more than 300 lives daily. Therefore, this World Hepatitis Day, we must take prompt actions, spread awareness and work together to end this global ailment.

World Hepatitis Day falls on July 28th each year and is an annual observance to raise awareness of the day and to call for action to ensure that everyone living with viral hepatitis, who needs treatment, gets it.


History Of World Hepatitis Day

On July 28, which also happens to be the birthday of the American physicist and geneticist Dr. Baruch Samuel Blumberg, a Nobel laureate who is credited with discovering the hepatitis B virus, World Hepatitis Day is observed across the world. Following the passage of a resolution at the 63rd World Health Assembly in May 2010, this day has been observed. This resolution states that "28 July shall be observed as World Hepatitis Day in order to provide a venue for education and greater understanding of viral hepatitis as a global public health problem, and to stimulate the strengthening of preventive and control measures of this disease in member states."

The day is now observed annually in over 100 countries through activities including free screenings, poster campaigns, demonstrations, concerts, talk shows, flash mobs, and vaccine drives, among many others, owing to increased awareness of this disease on a worldwide scale.


Theme Of World Hepatitis Day And Its Significance 

The theme of World Hepatitis Day by World Hepatitis Alliance this year is "I can't wait." It will draw attention to the necessity of stepping up efforts to combat viral hepatitis and the significance of screening and care for those who truly require it. The campaign will raise the voices of those with viral hepatitis who are demanding prompt action as well as the abolition of stigma and prejudice. WHO is urging countries to eliminate viral hepatitis as a public health problem by 2030. WHO theme for WHD is “Bringing Hepatitis care closer to you” emphasizing on primary care to get involved with providing Hepatitis care.

Hepatitis In Pakistan

With 9.8 million persons suffering from chronic HCV, Pakistan has the second-highest prevalence of the disease after China. Blood transfusions (15%), hospitalisation history (14%) dental treatment (13%) injection usage (12%), and surgical history (12%) are the biggest risk factors for HCV transmission (9 percent ). In Pakistan, 2.5 percent of the population had HBV at that time. The number of fatalities from HCV and HBV increased by 5% and 8%, respectively, from 2015 to 2019. In 2020, 77 percent of babies received the three-dose HepB vaccination series, falling short of the WHO objective of 90 percent. The 2020 Sustainable Development Goal of achieving a prevalence of HBV in children under the age of five of less than 1% has been attained by Pakistan.

Pakistanis are nevertheless contracting viral hepatitis infections. Unsafe injection techniques continue to be a major cause of HIV transmission as well as hepatitis B and C infections. A crucial intervention to stop mother-to-child transmission of the hepatitis B virus, the coverage of the hepatitis B birth dose immunization is still very low and far from meeting the objective. Such coverage undermines our efforts to ensure that future generations are hepatitis-free.


To know about different types of Hepatitis, their symptoms, screening tests, and precautions read this blog article here: Hepatitis: All You Need To Know


A Pledge To Eliminate Hepatitis

In order to achieve eradication, the new Global Health Sector Strategy 2022–2030 (approved by the WHA in May) places a strong emphasis on the value of person-centred care and system and service alignment. Regardless of the severity of the illness or the rate of transmission, all nations should act together to eradicate viral hepatitis by 2030. A robust national and subnational public health system or services are required for this to be achievable.

Five essential suggested treatments must be scaled up for effective eradication:

  • Infants must receive the hepatitis B vaccine
  • Mother-to-child transmission of the virus must be stopped 
  • Blood and injection safety must be ensured
  • Damage to drug injectors must be reduced
  • Testing must be implemented with an eye toward treatment

In order to reaffirm our promises and efforts to eradicate viral hepatitis by 2030, we must reconfirm WHO's commitment to doing so and promote a joint effort among the pertinent programmes, the civil society, and their partners. Even in the current COVID-19 crisis, a person dies from hepatitis every 30 seconds, therefore we must act immediately to combat viral hepatitis. We must swiftly draw conclusions and modify our approach in the current climate of the COVID-19 pandemic, new worldwide dangers of acute hepatitis, and other illnesses. We must remain focused on obtaining universal health care as part of our regional vision of "Health for All by All" notwithstanding the difficulties.

Hepatitis Screening is important for everyone no matter what, since one can have it without showing symptoms.

On the occasion of World Hepatitis Day Dr. Essa Laboratory & Diagnostic Centre is offering a 50% discount on all the Hepatitis related tests such as Hbs Ab, Hb Ab, Anti HCV, Hep C(Qualitative), HAV IgG. Book your test online, or visit the nearest branch, call for more information UAN: 111-786-986.

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