Jul 07 , 2022
Everyone enjoys a break during the monsoon season since it follows the summer and revitalises everyone. The rainy season delivers relief from the sweltering heat of the summer, but we must not ignore the fact that it also brings with it a myriad of terrible diseases including Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya, Cholera, Typhoid and many others which pose a major threat to you and your family.
The danger of illness is higher during the monsoon than during other seasons because of the humidity, muck, and stagnant water that serve as breeding grounds for several viruses, bacteria and vectors like flies and mosquitoes and every year, new species of mosquitoes are produced that spread illness. As a result, adopting a healthy lifestyle and improving living circumstances might be appropriate preventative measures at this time of year.
Fever is the most prevalent symptom of the majority of monsoon infections. The foundation for choosing the best course of therapy and hastening your recovery is a proper diagnosis.
Following are the diseases that you need to stay alert for:
It is a potentially fatal illness brought on by plasmodium parasites that are spread by the bite of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. The most vulnerable age group to malaria is children under the age of five. Its transmission is influenced by the weather, peaking shortly before and during the rainy season.
The following symptoms, often manifest 10 to 15 days after the infective mosquito bite:
- Extreme fever
- Body pain
- Moderate to very severe chills
- Profuse perspiration
Book your Malaria Parasite Test now.
It is a virus spread by female mosquitoes, primarily those of the species Aedes aegypti. Typically, the dengue virus only causes a mild flu-like sickness. Dengue hemorrhagic fever, meanwhile, is a sometimes fatal consequence that arises from this. After an incubation period of 4–10 days following the bite by an infected mosquito, symptoms typically last for 2–7 days.
When a high fever (40°C/104°F) is present along with two of the symptoms listed below, dengue should be considered.
- Terrible headache
- Back of the eyes hurt
- Joint and muscle discomfort
- Enlarged glands
Mosquitoes that are born in stagnant water spread the chikungunya virus. These mosquitoes can be found in water pipelines, plants, kitchenware, coolers, and overhead tanks. Tiger Aedes Albopictus is the culprit behind this illness. The following are some effective home cures for chikungunya.
- Sharp joint ache
- Extreme fatigue
A potentially fatal infection, typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella Typhi.
It often spreads by polluted water or exposed or spoiled food.
According to reports, between 11 and 20 million people worldwide contract typhoid each year, and 1.2 to 1.6 million people die from it.
These signs include:
- Persistent fever
- Constipation and abdominal discomfort
Vibrio cholera-contaminated food or water must be consumed to contract cholera. It is linked to diarrhoea, which, if untreated, can kill in a matter of hours. According to the WHO, there are 1.3 to 4.0 million cases of cholera worldwide each year. Most infected people exhibit no symptoms at all or have moderate ones, such as watery loose movements and severe dehydration.
Animals and people can have leptospirosis, which is brought on by bacteria belonging to the genus Leptospira. The bacterium is transferred by sick animals' urine, which can end up in water or soil and persist there for several weeks to months.
Due to interaction with soiled water or muck/mud, it happens more frequently during the monsoon season.
Numerous symptoms, such as high temperature, headache, chills, etc., might be caused by it.
Jaundice, Hepatitis A, and gastro-intestinal illnesses including gastroenteritis are other conditions that are frequently caused by polluted water.
Precautions To Stay Safe From Diseases
Protect Yourself From Vectors
Avoid letting water pool or accumulate anywhere in or near the home. Containers used to store domestic water, such as buckets and coolers, should be covered, emptied, and cleaned on a weekly basis and make sure to correctly dispose of solid garbage. Maintain cleanliness and routinely clean your bathrooms. Use mosquito repellents and sprays for flies and keep them from entering the house. Apply pesticides to outdoor/water storage containers in the proper manner.
Make Sure Drinking Water Is Clean
One of the primary causes of infections during the monsoon is drinking polluted water. To keep safe, make sure you only consume pure water. To ensure that there are no traces of germs or viruses in the drinking water, avoid using bottled water and install a water purifier instead. Use covered clothes and while sleeping use nets to minimise skin exposure to flies and mosquitoes.
Don't Eat Take-Out Food
In the monsoon, dining out is strongly discouraged. You are more susceptible to a range of ailments, including stomach infections and Hepatitis A, due to the unclean environment and contaminated water used to prepare the meal.
Keep The House and Vicinity Clean
Make sure your house is clean and has enough ventilation. To prevent bringing on asthma episodes and respiratory issues, fix any leaks or wet locations in your home.
Personal Hygiene And Prevention
While sneezing or coughing, keep your mouth and nose covered. Keep your kids away from those who have the disease. Wash your hands and feet thoroughly and regularly.
This is the time when we have to take extra precautions and protect ourselves from lethal monsoon diseases and especially from the mosquito menace and keep our health optimum. In case of mild symptoms, do not wait and get tested as soon as possible. Book your lab test online for home collection or visit the nearest Dr. Essa Laboratory & Diagnostic Centre branch, for more information call UAN: (021) 111-786-986.