Oct 20 , 2022
What is Osteoporosis?
It is a disease in which the bones of our body become weak and brittle (easily breakable). People suffering from osteoporosis get their bones easily fractured, from a minor fall or stress on bones such as bending over, bumping into furniture even sneezing or coughing. The fracture usually occurs in the hip, wrist, or spine due to this disease.
Bone is a living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced. Osteoporosis occurs when the creation of new bone doesn't keep up with the loss of old bone. Osteoporosis affects men and women of all races. But white and Asian women, especially older women who are past menopause, are at the highest risk.
Source: Mayo Clinic.
To raise awareness of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease, World
Osteoporosis Day is celebrated every year on 20th October, globally. Bone health is very important for a healthy life. Therefore, awareness of the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease is necessary. This year the theme of world osteoporosis day is Step up for bone health.
Strong bones are the foundation of a healthy body/fit lifestyle and they also protect vital organs of the body. Our calcium and other minerals intake are stored in our bones. When a human body requires calcium it breaks down and rebuilds bone and this process is called Bone Remodeling.
A close look at the inside of the bone shows something like a honeycomb. When you have osteoporosis, the spaces in this honeycomb grow larger, and the bone that forms the honeycomb gets smaller. The outer shell of your bones also gets thinner. All of this makes your bones weaker.
Source: National Institute of Aging.
There are no specific symptoms of bone loss/ osteoporosis at the early stage, therefore, it is called a Silent Disease. However, when bones become weak by severe osteoporosis, a person might suffer from
- Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra.
- Loss of height over time.
- A stooped posture.
- A bone, that breaks much more easily than expected.
The majority of females suffer from bone loss after menopause. Basically, menopause is a time period in which a woman does not get her menstrual bleeding throughout the year. However, men also suffer from osteoporosis but in fewer numbers.
According to INTERNATIONAL OSTEOPOROSIS FOUNDATION
• It is projected that more than about 50% of all osteoporotic hip fractures will occur in Asia by the year 2050.
- Osteoporosis is greatly underdiagnosed and undertreated in Asia, even in the most high-risk patients who have already fractured. The problem is particularly acute in rural areas. Populous countries like China and India, where the majority of the population lives in rural areas (60% in China), have less access to diagnostics and treatment compared to urban areas. This suggests that the number of people with osteoporosis may be underestimated in rural areas throughout Asian countries.
- Nearly all Asian countries fall far below the FAO/WHO recommendations for calcium intake of between 1000 and 1300 mg/day.
- DXA technology is relatively expensive and is not widely available in most developing Asian countries, especially in rural areas. Republic of Korea, Japan, Hong Kong, Australia, Singapore, and New Zealand have about 12–24 DXA machines per million. In contrast, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam are severely under-resourced with less than 1 machine per million population. This falls far below the recommended number for Europe, of 0.11 per 10,000.
DXA technology is a bone density scanning machine, it is also called bone densitometry, which is an enhanced form of x-ray technology that is used to measure bone loss. DXA is today's established standard for measuring bone mineral density (BMD)
Causes Of Osteoporosis:
There are a number of reasons for the development of osteoporosis, but some of the major causes are given below:
- Age: People of old age have a higher chance of osteoporosis disease than youngsters.
- Dietary factors: Low calcium, minerals, and nutrients intake, or poor diet are the biggest factor for osteoporosis.
- History: Having a family history of osteoporosis contributes to a greater risk for osteoporosis or metabolic bone diseases.
- Gender: A large number of females suffer from osteoporosis as compared to men.
- Medical conditions: People who have certain medical problems such as Celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, kidney or liver disease, cancer, multiple myeloma, and rheumatoid arthritis have a higher risk of osteoporosis.
For maintaining osteoporosis-free bones, or stronger bones, a person must perform muscle strengthening and weight-bearing exercises for bones and muscles movement regularly. Proper calcium, vitamin D, and protein intake are also required for bone strength. Lastly, a good lifestyle with appropriate body weight is essential for healthy bones.
For proper guidance and diagnosis, don’t forget to visit your nearest healthcare professional.