Apr 29 , 2023
Monkeypox virus is an orthopoxvirus that causes mpox (monkeypox), a disease with symptoms similar to smallpox, although less severe. Mpox can be transmitted through physical contact with someone who is infectious, or with infected animals or contaminated materials.
Symptoms of monkeypox usually begin with fever, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue, which can last for a few days. This is followed by the development of a rash that begins on the face and then spreads to other parts of the body. The rash evolves into pustules or fluid-filled blisters that eventually scab over and fall off. The entire course of the illness can last up to four weeks.
The symptoms of monkeypox are similar to those of smallpox, which was eradicated worldwide in 1980. However, monkeypox is less severe than smallpox, and the mortality rate is lower. In some cases, monkeypox can be mistaken for chickenpox or another viral infection.
There is no specific treatment for monkeypox, and the focus is on managing symptoms. Antiviral drugs may be effective in treating severe cases of monkeypox, but their effectiveness is still under investigation. Supportive care, such as keeping the patient hydrated, managing pain and fever, and preventing secondary infections, is also essential.
Preventing monkeypox involves avoiding contact with infected animals or people, wearing protective clothing when in contact with infected individuals or animals, and practicing good hygiene. In some cases, vaccination may be recommended for people who are at high risk of exposure, such as laboratory workers or healthcare providers.
Awareness of the disease is crucial to prevent this disease. Therefore, a top lab in Pakistan Dr. Essa Laboratory is playing an important role to spread awareness of monkeypox and is also providing monkeypox pcr service for its detection.
Keeping in view the weak healthcare system, Dr. Essa Laboratory & Diagnostic Centre started its journey in 1987 to facilitate the population of Pakistan with clinical laboratory and diagnostic services. Along with laboratory services, Dr. Essa laboratory also provides diagnostic and other healthcare facilities for the detection and prevention of chronic diseases.