Dr Essa Lab. joins Expanded Program on Immunization

Dr Essa Lab. joins Expanded Program on Immunization

Apr 06 , 2022

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Dr Essa Lab. is a leading name in the healthcare industry, and believe the health of our country is our top responsibility. We always stay committed and stand at the forefront to serve with the best of the services. To facilitate our nation Dr. Essa Lab. has collaborated with the District Health Officers of Karachi, Government of Sindh, to provide completely free of cost vaccination services.


Dr Essa Lab is providing vaccination services at six different branches in Karachi that are as follows:


  1. Dr Essa Lab, Badar Commercial, Shop 1, 3-c 26th Street, Phase V Badar Commercial Area Defence V Defence Housing Authority.

  1. Dr Essa Lab, Defence Jami, Shop No 1&3, Khayaban-e-Jami, D.H.A Phase 11 Extension.

  1. Dr Essa Lab, Zamzama  Zamzama Blvd, Phase V Zamzama Commercial Area Defence Housing Authority.

  1. Dr Essa Lab, Bahadurabad Shop No. 2 Ground Floor. Plot No C-122, Block No. 788, Dhoraji Summaya Comforts.

  1. Dr Essa Lab, Gulshan Hassan Square, Fl- 13-A, 11/17, Block 13 A Gulshan-e-lqbal.

  1. Dr Essa Lab, Abul A1/3 & 4 4: Abul Hasan Isphahani Rd, Karachi

Hassan Isphani.




Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI)


The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI), which began in 1978, intends to vaccine about six million infants aged 0 to 15 months against twelve illnesses (Childhood Tuberculosis, Poliomyelitis, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Hepatitis B, Haemophilus Influenza Type b, Pneumonia, Measles, Typhoid, Rubella, Roatvirus)

The Ministry of Health was eliminated as a result of the 18th Constitutional Amendment, and vertical programmes such as EPI were transferred to provinces. The provinces and regions are responsible for managing the operating costs of the EPI programme through their local EPI programme units.

Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (VPDs) in Sindh And Their Vaccines


Oral Poliovirus Vaccine (OPV) is administered as drops by mouth at birth to all children, and then at 6 weeks, 10 weeks and 14 weeks of age. Pakistan is on the way to eradicating Polio completely.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of illness and economic hardship in low-income countries, including Pakistan. With 1.5 million TB patients and 250,000 new cases per year, Pakistan is ranked sixth in the world.

In Pakistan, infants are given the bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination, which can help prevent severe TB in children. The BCG vaccination has been used to combat tuberculosis (TB) since 1921.

In Pakistan, a single dose of BCG vaccination is typically delivered at birth. 

 

According to data from sentinel sites, the prevalence of diarrhoea caused by the Rota Virus in Pakistan is believed to be approximately 24%. Children can be vaccinated against the rota virus. According to the EPI schedule, rota vaccine is administered at the ages of 6 and 10 weeks. In order to reduce the risk of disease, it is also advised that cleanliness and sanitation be improved in addition to vaccination.

 

Pakistan had 83 cases of diphtheria in 2020. Though the number of cases of Pakistan diphtheria has fluctuated significantly in recent years, it has tended to rise from 2001 to 2020, peaking at 83 in 2020.

 

Nearly four million people in the country are thought to have been exposed to the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B can be prevented with timely immunisation. In 2009, the Pakistani government's EPI programme included this vaccination. It has taken the place of the DPT and Hepatitis B vaccines formerly used. In Pakistan, children are given three doses of this vaccine for free throughout their first year, at 6 weeks, 10 weeks, and 14 weeks of age. If a dosage (or doses) is missed, it can be administered later, much like practically all other vaccinations.

In Pakistan, an estimated 23,000 children die each year from bacterial meningitis. The bacterium meningococcus causes meningitis in both infants and adults. Because no epidemiological studies have been undertaken, we do not know if this is a prevalent cause of meningitis in Pakistan.

Meningococcus vaccines are currently accessible in Pakistan. In persons aged 2 to 55, this vaccination can be administered as a single dose.

According to the World Health Organization, 64 children died of measles in Pakistan in 2011, with 28 of them dying in Sindh.

According to research conducted in Pakistan in 2016, whooping cough affects 3.96 out of 1000 babies. Children are vaccinated against pertussis in three doses which are given at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age.

The most efficient strategy to avoid pneumonia is to get vaccinated against Hib, pneumococcus, measles, and whooping cough (pertussis).

The vaccination is administered in a combination of diphtheria and pertussis vaccines. DPT is another name for this vaccine (Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis). The vaccination is given to newborns in five doses at two, four, six, and eight months of age, and then again when the kid is 4-6 years old, with a booster dose every ten years.

Early in pregnancy, a woman infected with the rubella virus has a 90% probability of passing the virus on to her foetus, which can result in the foetus' death or congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Deafness is the most prevalent birth abnormality, although CRS can also result in problems in the eyes, heart, and brain.

 Fatality rates in typhoid fever range from 1-4% in treated cases and 10-20% in untreated cases. The highest fatality rates are reported in children <4 years of age.


Dr Essa Lab’s Vital Role


In relation to population density, the distribution of health facilities/vaccinators is not equitable. The outskirts of Karachi city, in particular, have fewer public health services, despite the city's rapid expansion and population growth in these areas.


Dr. Essa Lab emerges as an organization that promises to deliver routine immunisation (RI) services as a fixed EPl centre to improve regular immunisation (RI)/polio eradication initiative (PEI) services across Karachi.


Dr Essa Lab is playing a vital role in the provision of these vaccinations all free of cost at the vaccination centre. A highly trained professional team is designated to carry out the essential task of vaccination. We are providing free vaccination as one of our community services and we want a healthy Pakistan as this is our motto at Dr Essa Lab.

 

EPI

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